Key Fact 1

Teachers' Guide

This is the main guide for healthy eating for children aged 5-8 years.

Key Fact 1

Food is a basic requirement of life.

Key Fact 2

People choose different types of food.

Key Fact 3

We all need to eat a variety and balance of food to stay healthy, as depicted in the Eatwell Guide.

Bwyta’n Iach

Croeso i’r modiwl Bwyta’n Iach i blant rhwng 5 ac 8 oed.
Key Fact 1

Key Fact 1: Food is a basic requirement of life.

This section provides you with detailed teaching plans for Key Fact 1, including links to all the downloadable resources.

a) To understand that food is a basic requirement of life.

Ask the children the following types of question to get them thinking about food and what they eat or drink.

  • What types of foods do you like/dislike?
  • What meals do we usually eat during the day?  At what times are these meals eaten?
  • How do you feel when it is nearly lunchtime or other times when you need some food?


Draw a person on the board and write or draw children’s responses on/around him or her. You could use an interactive whiteboard for this.

Continue the questioning:

  • Can you think of a time when you were hungry? How did you feel?

Ask children to think about how they feel when they are hungry and what happens to them, e.g. tummy rumbles, feel tired or grumpy, find it hard to work or concentrate. You might wish to talk to them about how they feel when they are ‘full’ or eat too much.

Continue the questioning:

  • Why do you think that we get these feelings?

Discuss the children’s answers and explain that our bodies need food to work. Food is a basic requirement. Our bodies tell us that we need something to eat or drink.

Get the children to complete the When I am hungry Worksheet 100. Ask them to draw their face when they are hungry and when they have eaten.

b) To understand that we need food to grow, be active and maintain health.

Set the scene by asking children:
Why do we need food?

Collect children’s responses in words or illustrations and steer children to thinking about the things our bodies do during the day, e.g. growing, learning, playing and healing.  Use the Food – a fact of life PowerPoint 100 to facilitate this session.

Remind children that we need food to grow, be active and maintain health.

Ask the pupils to complete the How does food help my body? Worksheet 101. Get them to draw/write about how food helps their own body. Ask them to share their work with others. You could make this into a display.

(For younger children the teacher could write in the words before photocoping so the class can copy underneath.  Alternatively, you could write what individuals want to say for them to copy underneath.)


Re-cap our feelings when we are hungry and why we need to eat. 

We need food to grow, be active and maintain health.

Ask some of the children to show their work.

Further activities

Develop a school display on food. Get children to use their work from this Key Fact, i.e. When I am hungry. Use the themes ‘to grow’, ‘be active’ and ‘stay healthy’ – food – it’s a fact of life!

Downloadable resources