Key Fact 3

Teachers' Guide

This is the main guide for Food and farming for children aged 5-8 years.

Key Fact 1

All food comes from plants or animals.

Key Fact 2

Food has to be farmed, caught or grown at home.

Key Fact 3

Food is changed from farm to fork.

Cool creations

Non-cook recipes for the primary school classroom.

Videos: Cool creations

See how to make some recipes that do not need any cooking.

Hot and happening

Recipes that involve the use of the grill or hob.

Videos: Hot and happening

See how to cook delicious hot meals.

Brilliant baking

Baking recipe for the primary classroom.

Videos: Brilliant baking

See how to bake a range of recipes.

Plant or animal?

Do you know which food comes from a plant and which food comes from an animal?

Where do my meals come from? (5-8 years)

Do you know where the food in your meals comes from?

From farm to fork!

This board game is designed to help children understand where their food comes from.

Farm to fork challenge (5-8 years)

Do you know what happens to your food from the farm to your fork?

Videos: Farming

See how crops and animals are farmed in the UK.
Image of Wheat

3. Food is changed from farm to fork.

a) To know that food is changed from farm to fork to make it safe to eat.

Show children the Can I eat it? PowerPoint 308.

Use the PowerPoint to help children understand that we can not eat food straight from the farm, sea or garden, it has to be changed in some way.  Sometimes it is just changed in a small way like being washed or peeled.  Sometimes it has to be cooked or treated.  Establish that these changes are made to make food safe to eat.

Give children the What’s changed? Cards 304.  The children can cut out, match and stick the foods in their books.  They can then write, or cut out and stick the Changing words Cards 305, to show how the foods have changed between each picture.  You may wish to cut out and laminated the cards so they can be reused.

  • Broccoli: pick, cut, wash cook;
  • Potatoes: wash, cook;
  • Cucumber: pick, wash, cut;
  • Chicken: cook;
  • Beef: shape, cook;
  • Strawberries: pick, wash, cut;
  • Cod: cut, coat (with breadcrumbs), cook.

Module link: Cooking 5-8 Key Fact 1d.  Looking at how ingredients have to be prepared to make various dishes.

b) To know the farm to fork stages for some basic foods.

Show the From wheat to bread, Cheese making and Milking Video clips and, in simple terms, talk about the different stages the food goes through before it can be eaten.
Show children the Farm to fork (5-7) Interactive activity. Explain to them that the activity asks them work out the different steps, from farm to fork, for different types of foods. There are 3 stages for each food. You will need to demonstrate the activity with the children, showing them how to use the controls and quizzing them on the different steps for each food. You may wish to ask for volunteers to help.
Children will be given the following examples:

  • bread: wheat > flour > bread
  • yogurt: cow > milk > yogurt
  • mashed potato: potato plant > potato > mashed potato
  • ham: pig > pork > ham
  • apple juice: apple tree > apple > apple juice
  • fish fingers: fish > fillet of fish > fish finger

Allow the children to work through this activity individually.


Recap with the children.

  • Can we eat food straight from the farm? 
  • Why not?

Before we eat food it has to be changed.  Sometimes this might simply mean washing it but it can also mean cutting, cooking and treating food as well. 

What happens to some of our foods before we eat them?

  • Carrots in the ground
  • Wheat in the field
  • Milk in a cow

Further activities

Do some cooking work with children to reinforce the changes food goes through before it is eaten.  You could make some Soda bread to show how flour can be used after it has been produced from wheat.  Use the Soda bread Video and recipe card to show children how it is done. 
You could also show other videos and their accompanying recipes as examples of dishes using foods the children have been learning about:

  • Welsh rarebit Video – cheese
  • Winter salad Video – carrot and apple
Why not orgnaise a farm visit?
Visiting a farm is a great way for children to see first hand where their food comes from.  If you are visiting a poultry or dairy farm, why not download one of the booklets below for children to complete during their visit?