Key Fact 1

Teachers' Guide

This is the main guide for healthy eating for children aged 8-11 years.

Key Fact 1

Around the world people choose and combine different foods to make meals and snacks. The total amount and range of foods eaten is called the diet.

Key Fact 2

A healthy diet is made up from a variety and balance of different foods and drinks, as depicted in the Eatwell Guide.

Key Fact 3

To be active and healthy, food is needed to provide energy for the body.

Key Fact 4

A variety of food is needed in the diet because different foods contain different substances that are needed for health. These are nutrients, water and fibre.

Key Fact 5

Being active and looking after yourself are important for health.

Eatwell Challenge

Do you know where different foods belong on the Eatwell Guide? Come and take the challenge!
Key Fact 1

Key Fact 1: Around the world people choose and combine different foods to make meals and snacks. The total amount and range of foods eaten is called the diet.

This section provides you with detailed teaching plans for Key Fact 1, including links to all the downloadable resources.

a) To understand that a range of factors determine what is eaten throughout the world. Diets vary between individuals for reasons such as availability, preference, resources, time, culture and religion.

Start the lesson with a question:

  • Why do we eat different types of food?

This could be a class brainstorming session or group work. Put the children’s answers on the board. Use the Around the world PowerPoint 150 as an introduction.

Ask the children to investigate the different foods eaten by other class members by carrying out a survey. Use the What do you eat? Worksheet 150. This could be carried out a table at a time – with the children noting which foods most of them eat, compared with more unusual foods. Present this information as a class wall chart.

Working in pairs, get the children to find out the food preferences of different groups, e.g. vegetarian, Hindu, Jewish. Ask them to present their information as a poster or talk to the class. Use the Food and Religion Worksheet 151 as a starter. They could use library books or the internet.

b) To understand that a variety and balance of food and drink is needed in a healthy diet.

Ask the children to look at foods from different countries and cultures.  Use the photographs from the World Food Cards 150.

  • Which foods do they recognise?
  • Which foods are unfamiliar?

Ask them to create a food map of the world. Use the World food Cards 150, provide recipe books or allow the children to use the internet for research. Old cookery magazines or photocopies of foods could also be used. Children could draw their own maps or stick images onto the World map Worksheet 152.

Remind the children that we all need a variety of different foods to be healthy.

c) To understand that different diets may comprise similar raw foods, combined in different ways.

Use the World Food Cards 150 to look at a range of different foods from around the world.

Ask the children whether they can identify countries that share common food, e.g. cereals, potatoes, meat, milk, fruit.

Children should be able to suggest that although there are many different types of food dishes, many are made from the same basic ingredients.


Recap with children
We all eat different types of food. The type depends on a number of factors. What are these?

People who follow different religions may eat different types of food.

We all need a balance and variety of food, no matter where we live in the world.

Although there are many different types of food, many dishes are made from the same basic ingredients, e.g. rice, potatoes, milk, meat, fruit and vegetables.

Further activities

Arrange a cooking activity which reflects a country or a particular religion.

Module Link: Cooking and food skills

Ask whether any parents, carers or friends of the school, could talk to the children about food from other countries, cultures or religions.

Arrange a tasting session looking at foods that children may not have tasted before. For example, a range of different breads representing different counties could be used.

Downloadable resources